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Karte Herzogtum Holstein von 1649

The terrain

Over the centuries, a landscape changes extensively.

The sea level of the Baltic Sea in the Middle Ages was approx. 2 m below today’s level.

Construction measures and changes have a massive impact on the landscape and sometimes – in the truest sense of the word – mountains are moved.

The recording of topographical terrain structures is of no significance in the Middle Ages.

Even the available maps from the 19th century are only helpful for details.

Stadtansicht Kiel 1585
Stadtansicht Kiel 1585
Kiel und Umgebung 1853
Kiel und Umgebung 1853

The Thalbitzer map from 1853

One of the oldest topographical records – which I can find with the help of the Gesellschaft für Kieler Stadtgeschichte e.V. – leaves questions unanswered.

The map itself provides the necessary data for converting Hamburg feet to meters, but it becomes difficult when using longitude. In my opinion, the reference to the zero degree of longitude – which at that time still ran through Paris – lacks the indication of degrees.

Since the entrance to Kiel’s Nikolaikirche serves as a reference point, I can at least determine relatively precise coordinates for this point.

In addition, the changes caused by humans over the centuries are not taken into account here either.

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